The allied army features quite a few nations and unique units. In total, the Allied Army is represented by 67 infantry battalions including 18 light formations, over 90 cavalry squadrons in 28 regiments, and 25 artillery batteries. Not quite the full order of battle for Waterloo but with over 2,500 models it looks sufficiently “army-esque”. It certainly needs a wall of display cabinets all by itself…
The allied army is a polyglot mix of troops from Britain, the crack Germans of the King’s German Legion (KGL), Germans from the British King’s possessions in Hannover, Dutch and Belgian troops of the newly formed Kingdom of the Netherlands, a large contingent from Brunswick (Braunschweig in modern day Germany), and Nassau.
Central command rests with the Duke of Wellington on an imposing 100mm base. He is accompanied by his Colonel of Engineers James Carmichael, and personal secretary Lt.-Col. Somerset, as well as trusty hound. A separate base represents his Artillery commanders Col. Sir Wood and Lt.-Col Sir Hartmann of the Kings’ German Legion artillery. Wellington’s ADC is a Major of the 92nd Highlander Foot. Some local gentlemen have joined the headquarter as well.
The Prince of Orange led I Corps, though historians disagree on his actual leadership influence beyond sending a few units to their doom. His ADC is a Major of the Guards regiment. The real work seems to have been done by Major General Baron de Constant-Rebecque shown on a separate base with his staff. Either way, the I Corps divisions are scattered across the allied front so it is unlikely that anybody exercised Corps-wide command. I Corps is composed of four divisions – two British (1st & 3rd) and two from the Netherlands (2nd and 3rd), though the 3rd Netherlands Division remained in reserve during the day. .
1st British Division – 1st & 2nd British Infantry Brigades (Guards)
Major General Cooke commands the 1st Division with its two brigades of the Guards. He is supported by an ADC of the Guards.
The 1st Brigade is led by Major General Maitland and includes the II and III battalion of the 1st Foot Guards (later Grenadier Guards).
The four guard units are large formations of six bases each. I am using Victrix models to distinguish them from the regulars. Sadly, the Victrix backpack is much too small so mixing in Perry/Warlord models isn’t viable anyhow.
The 2nd Brigade is commanded by MG Sir Byng and composed of II/2nd Foot Guards (Coldstream Guards) and II/3rd Foot Guards (Scots Guards).
Evidence suggests that the white trousers of the 2nd and 3rd Foot Guards are incorrect, but they provide at least a bit of variety so I kept them.
Divisional artillery is composed of Sandham’s company of the 3rd Royal Foot Artillery and the 2nd KGL Horse Artillery, both with 9pdr guns. For consistency throughout the Allied force, I am using Victrix plastic models for all Royal Foot Artillery 9pdr guns, Perry metal models for all Royal Horse Artillery 6pdr and 9pdr guns, and some other manufacturers for the non-British artillery for differentiation. Crew on the other hand is a motley mix of Victrix, Perry, Warlord, Elite, Avant Post, Foundry, and every other option I could find to lend variety to the bases.
2nd KGL Horse Artillery
3rd British Division
Commanded by Major General Count Sir Karl von Alten, the 3rd Division is a mix of British and Hannoverian brigades. The model from MG von Alten is a slightly converted Danish general from Perry (with rotated fore-and-aft bicorne). His ADC is a Captain of the KGL Light.
3rd British Division – 5th British Infantry Brigade
Led by Major General C. Halkett, the 5th Brigade was the first Napoleonic formation that I painted. All four battalions are standard size with models from the Perry plastic kit and some metal command models from various manufacturers. The variety of the Perry kit allows for very dynamic units reflecting the character of Wellington’s beloved rogues.
3rd British Division – 2nd KGL Infantry Brigade
Colonel Baron Ompteda commands this crack formation of the King’s German Legion (KGL) which saw active service across the entire Napoleonic era.
The first light battalion was converted from metal 95th Rifles Portuguese Cacadores from Warlord as their uniform matches well once you remove the extra buttons (and the Portuguese feature impressive moustaches are appropriate for the KGL). The shoulder rolls are made from Green Stuff.
The second light battalion uses metal models from Perry to accurately capture their unique uniform. This includes some models equipped with muskets as well per the historical record. The second battalion can also be fielded in skirmish order if needed. The shako cords are likely too bright, but black-green cords on black shakos with dark green uniforms was just too visually unappealing. History be damned!
The V and VIII KGL Line battalions use Warlord plastic models as I thought that the mono-pose style would fit well with the famously disciplined German soldiers in the KGL. Command groups are a mix of metals and plastic from Warlord, Perry and Victrix.
3rd British Division – 1st Hannover Infantry Brigade
Beyond the King’s German Legion, the royal domain of Hannover provided quite a few units to the allied army. Many of these served in the backfield or reserves, but the 1st Brigade under Major General Graf von Kielmansegg was right in the middle of the action at Waterloo. The brigade was in the process of being refitted into British uniforms around the time of the battle so historical sources disagree on their equipment choice. I chose to follow the information provided at the incredibly helpful Cent Jours site for this – and all other – units in this army.
The two light battalions are metal models from the Perry range specifically for this purpose. Note that, while light battalions, both units appear to have fought in ranked formation.
The field battalions wear an odd mix of uniforms due to the transition process. I mostly used Warlord plastics as the base with some conversion to remove lace for the old green uniforms where needed. And before anybody corrects the spelling of bataillon versus battalion, the former is what Germans from Hannover would have used!
3rd British Division – Divisional Artillery
A company of the 10th Battalion Royal Foot and the 1st KGL Foot Artillery support the division. Both use 9pdr guns and 5.5″ Howitzers.
2nd Netherlands Division
Led by Lieutenant-General Baron de Perponcher-Sedlnitzky, this is the main Dutch-Belgian infantry force on the field as the 1st Netherlands Division was in reserve at Hal and the 3rd Netherlands Division was held back until the very end of the battle.
2nd Netherlands Division – 1st Brigade
The 1st Brigade under Major General Graf van Bijlandt centers on the 7th Belgian Line Battalion supported by Dutch Jägers and militia, including the 5th Militia Battalion which was heavily depleted at Quatre Bras.
7th Line Btn. (Belgian)
27th Jäger Btn. (Dutch)
5th Militia Btn. (Dutch) – modelled as a small two-base unit since only about 175 soldiers were left after Quatre Bras
7th Militia Btn. (Dutch)
8th Militia Btn. (Dutch)
2nd Netherlands Division – 2nd Brigade
The 2nd Brigade, led by Major General Prinz Bernard von Saxe-Weimar, is the primary Nassau contingent composed of the 2nd and 28th Line as well as some Volunteer-Jägers. The first battalion of the 2nd and both 28th Nassau battalions use metal miniatures from Perry. Rapier Miniatures provided the other two battalions of the 2nd regiment.
I/2nd Line Nassau-Usingen
II/2nd Line Nassau-Usingen
III/2nd Line Nassau-Usingen
I/28th Line Orange-Nassau
II/28th Line Orange-Nassau
2nd Netherlands Division – Divisional Artillery
Two batteries support the division though the Foot Artillery was grievously mauled at the battle of Quatre Bras and has only one gun section.
Cpt. E.J. Stievenart’s Company, Foot Artillery
Cpt. A. Bijleveld’s Company, Horse Artillery
3rd Netherlands Division
This entire division was held in reserve and only moved forward at the very end of the battle to assist in repulsing the Imperial Guard. They are low priority for now and unlikely to be added.
Lord Rowland Hill commands the II Corps and, unlike I Corps, his units are tightly concentrated on the Western flank of the battle. His ADC is a Major of the 52nd Foot (Light).
The primary fighting formation of II Corps is the 2nd British Infantry Division commanded by Lieutenant General Clinton (another Danish model from Perry with some tweaks). ADC is a Captain of the 95th Rifles. The rest of II Corps was in reserve or rear-guard duty at Hal.
2nd British Division – 3rd British Infantry Brigade
This brigade, Major General Frederick Adams commanding, groups the light battalions of the famous Light Division from the peninsula campaign.
The large light battalions are Perry plastic with flank company arms from Victrix. The heads of the 52nd Foot are a metal upgrade kit from Brigade Games (originally designed by Victrix).
For the 71st Foot, I added some Scottish models as a nod to their origin. The unique shakos are converted plastic heads from the Perry Rifles sprue (yes, I bought 20+ of those sprues just to get the heads only to then cut them to pieces and add the pompom with Green Stuff…).
The Rifles are a mix from Perry, Warlord, Wargames Atlantic, Brigade Games and various other metal models that I could find. The Rifles fought in different-sized company formations so I have fully formed battalions as well as skirmish screens for each formation. Of course, I couldn’t resist sprinkling the members of Sharpe’s Rifles into the 95th Rifles.
2nd British Division – 1st KGL Brigade
Led by Colonel du Plat, the 1st Brigade of the King’s German Legion was one of the most disciplined formations of the allied army. All four KGL Line battalions, I-IV, are using Warlord plastic models with assorted command in keeping with my “stiff Germans” theme from the 2nd Brigade.
2nd British Division – 3rd Hannover Brigade
Commanded by Colonel H. Halkett – brother of MG C. Halkett – this brigade was held in reserve with only Landwehr Bataillon Osnabrück ordered forward at the end of the battle to repulse the Imperial Guard. The models are yet more Warlord plastics with a generic flag so they can also do duty as any other Hannoverian Landwehr formation (most of which remained in reserve).
2nd British Division – Divisional Artillery
A company of 3rd Battalion Royal Foot Artillery and the 1st KGL Horse Artillery forms the divisional artillery support. 1
1st KGL Horse Artillery
4th British Division
Under the command of Lieutenant-General Sir Charles Colville, the bulk of this division was posted to Hal and not present at Waterloo. This includes the Dutch-Inndonesian Brigade which would have made an interesting diversion otherwise.
4th British Division – 4th British Infantry Brigade
Lieutenant-Colonel Mitchell led the 4th British Brigade, the only component of 4th Division present at Waterloo though also with a detached battalions.
III/14th Foot, the Buckinghamshire regiment. Buff facings and leathers with silver lace for the officers.
I/23rd Foot, the Royal Welch Fusiliers. Blue facings with gold lace for the officers.
I/51st Foot (Light), the 2nd Yorkshire West Riding regiment. Green facings with gold lace for the officers.
The reserves were composed of two divisions under direct command of Wellington.
5th British Division
Lieutenant-General Picton commands the 5th British Division composed of the two highland brigades and some Hannover Landwehr.
5th British Division – 8th British Infantry Brigade
Commanded by Major General Sir Kempt, the 8th Brigade is a mix of line battalions (Perry plastic), highlanders in kilts (Victrix plastics) and the first battalion of the 95th Rifles. A colourful brigade showing all the variety of the British infantry.
5th British Division – 9th British Infantry Brigade
Major General Sir Pack commands the second of the highland brigade. The two regular units use Perry plastics while the kilted Scots are based on Victrix plastics with metal command.
5th British Division – 5th Hannover Brigade
Colonel von Vincke led this brigade of Hannover Landwehr which remained essentially unengaged on the far left flank of the allied line. I added the Colonel for completeness but skipped the actual battalions for now.
5th British Division – Divisional Artillery
A company of 3rd Battalion Royal Foot Artillery equipped with 9pdr guns and Braun’s Hannoverian Battery with 6pdr guns form the divisional artillery support. In an ocean of grey artillery, the light blue of Hannover carriages offer just a bit of variety. I also used slightly different models for the 6pdr from Avant Post to differentiate them further (mostly in my mind though…).
6th British Division
Major General Sir Lambert served as acting commander of 6th Division in the absence of Lieutenant General Sir Lowry Cole.
6th British Division – 10th British Infantry Brigade
Since Major General Sir Lambert acted as the division commander, I used Lieutenant-Colonel Brooke of the 4th Foot as the brigade commander as he would have been the senior officer in the field after Sir Lambert. The brigade saw limited combat during the day but was brought forward on the right allied flank to repel Ney’s assault. The I/40th was significantly larger than the typical British battalions so I made them a Large formation. The fourth battalion of the brigade, the II/81st Foot was detached to Hal and is thus not included.
I/4th Foot, the King’s Own regiment. Blue facings with gold lace for the officers.
I/27th Foot, the Inniskilling regiment. Buff facings and leathers with gold lace for the officers.
I/40th Foot, the 2nd Sommersetshire regiment. Buff facings and leathers with gold lace for the officers.
6th British Division – 4th Hannover Infantry Brigade
I have added two battalions from the 4th Hannover Brigade under the command of Colonel Best. These are metal Perry model representing the unique uniforms of the Osterode Landwehr as well as Verden Landwehr at trail. The brigade didn’t see significant combat so I didn’t bother with the other two Landwehr formations.
Landwehr Bataillon Osterode
Landwehr Bataillon Verden
6th British Division – Divisional Artillery
A single battery of 9pdr from 3rd Royal Foot Battalion supports the Division. The other battery was detached and not present at Waterloo.
Cpt. Sinclair’s Company, 3rd Battalion Royal Foot Artillery
Two troops of Royal Horse Artillery were detached to the army reserve. As with all Royal Horse Artillery, the guns are metal Perry models while the crew are a mix of metals from many manufacturers for variety.
A Troop (Bean’s), Royal Horse Artillery
D Troop (Ross’), Royal Horse Artillery
Led by the Duke of Brunswick, this semi-autonomous formation offers a blend of specialist formations in the distinctive black colours of Brunswick. The models are Perry and Rapier metals which are rather small. I put that down to the malnourished state of the Brunswickers after almost two decades of struggle against Napoleon…
Brunswick Division – Advance Guard
A battalion of Nassau Jägers ranges ahead of the main force.
Brunswick Division – Light Brigade
The Light Brigade is commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel von Buttlar and composed of four light battalions.
Brunswick Light Battalion Leib
1st Brunswick Light Battalion
2nd Brunswick Light Battalion
3rd Brunswick Light Battalion
Brunswick Division – Line Brigade
Lieutenant-Colonel von Specht leads the Line Brigade with its three battalions.
1st Brunswick Line Battalion
2nd Brunswick Line Battalion
3rd Brunswick Line Battalion
Brunswick Division – Cavalry
Separate from the infantry, the Brunswick contingent also included the Brunswick cavalry brigade featuring two different unit types: a large contingent of Hussars and a single small squadron of Uhlans.
2nd Brunswick Hussars
Brunswick Division – Artillery
The division is supported by a Horse Battery and Foot Battery, each with four sections of 6pdr guns.
Nassau Infantry Brigade
In addition to the troops integrated into the Dutch-Belgian command, Nassau fielded an autonomous brigade led by Major General Kruse. The models are a mix of Perry, Front Rank and some converted plastic Prussian reservists from Wargames Atlantic to represent the third Landwehr battalion.
I/1st Nassau Infantry
II/1st Nassau Infantry
III/1st Nassau Infantry (Landwehr)
The allied cavalry was grouped under the command of Sir Henry Paget, 2nd Earl of Uxbridge and effectively functioned as the fourth Corps group of the Allied army. He is supported by the Staff Corp of Cavalry – a combination of military police and orderlies – in their distinct red light dragoon uniforms.
1st “Household” Cavalry Brigade
Leg by Major General Sommerset, the “Household” brigade represents the premier heavy cavalry formations of the allied army. The two Life Guards regiments and Royal Horse Guards were notionally three squadrons each, but likely amalgamated on the battlefield given their small size (about 250 soldiers in each regiment only). Similarly, the 1st Guard Dragoons fielded notionally 4 squadrons but with a smaller headcount than even the smallest three squadron light cavalry regiment. Most of the models are Warlord Games plastics with some Perry metals for variety. The new Victrix spastics were only announced after I had bought all everything from Warlord already, so I switched over and used the surplus Warlord model to fill up the regiments to notional size.
1st Life Guards, with three squadrons.
2nd Life Guards, with three squadrons.
Royal Horse Guards, the “Blues” with three squadrons.
1st Guard Dragoons – the King’s Dragoon Guards with four squadrons.
2nd “Union” Cavalry Brigade
Major General Sir Ponsonby commands the “Union” brigade, so-called due to the mix of English, Scottish and Irish troops. More Warlord heavy cavalry models with a few Perry metal command models for variety, plus Victrix for the 1st Dragoons.
1st Dragoons, the Royal Dragoons with three squadrons.
2nd Dragoons, the Scots Greys with three quadrons.
6th Dragoons, the Inniskilling Dragoons with three squadrons.
3rd Cavalry Brigade
The British fielded 7 Light Dragoon Regiments split between the 3rd, 4th and 7th Cavalry Brigades. Major General Sir Dörnberg commands the 3rd Cavalry Brigade with the two large elite KGL Light Dragoon regiments.
23rd Light Dragoons with three squadrons. Crimson facings with white lace.
1st KGL Light Dragoons with four squadrons. Crimson facings with yellow lace.
2nd KGL Light Dragoons with four squadrons. Crimson facings with white lace.
4th Cavalry Brigade
Major General Sir Vandeleur leads the 4th Cavalry Brigade composed of three light dragoon regiments. The model is a special variant from Perry as part of a bundle of purchasing 3+ plastic boxes.
5th Cavalry Brigade
Major General Sir Grant commands the 5th Cavalry Brigade with its two Hussar regiments. The third regiment of the brigade, the 2nd KGL Hussars, were not present at Waterloo. Instead, the 13th Light Dragoons of 7th Cavalry Brigade were attached. MG Sir Grant achieved rank in the Hussars so he wears the uniform of the 18th Hussars.
7th Hussars, the Queen’s Own with three squadrons. White facings with white lace.
15th Hussars, the King’s Hussars with three squadrons. Scarlet facings with white lace.
13th Light Dragoons with three squadrons. Attached from 7th Brigade. Buff facings with yellow lace.
6th Cavalry Brigade
Another Hussar officer, Major General Sr Vivian leads the 6th Cavalry Brigade, including the large 1st KGL Hussars.
10th Hussars, the Prince of Wales’ Hussars with three squadrons. Scarlet facings with white lace.
18th Hussars, the King’s Irish, Drogheda Light Horse with three squadrons. White facings with white lace.
1st KGL Hussars with four squadrons. Scarlet facings with yellow lace.
7th Cavalry Brigade
Colonel Sir Arentschildt leads the 3rd KGL Hussars which nominally form the 7th Cavalry Brigade with other units detached.
3rd KGL Hussars with four squadrons. Yellow facings with white lace.
Hannover Cavalry Brigade
The infamous Duke of Cumberland Hussaren of the Hannover Cavalry Brigade retreated on first sight of the enemy. Still, they offer some variety. The other two regiments of the brigade were detached to Hal. While the Perry Hussar kit offers lots of different headgear, I still had to convert the tuffs on the Hannoverian shakos with a bit of Green Stuff.
Duke of Cumberland Hussaren with four squadrons.
Royal Horse Artillery
Six troops of Royal Horse Artillery support the cavalry: E and F Troop with their light 6pdr cannons, H Troop and the famous G “Parachute” Troop led by Captain Mercer fielding heavy 9pdr, I Troop with 5.5” Howitzers instead of regular cannon, and the infamous 2nd Rocket Troop.
E Troop (Gardiner’s), Royal Horse Artillery
F Troop (Webber-Smith’s), Royal Horse Artillery
G Troop (Mercer’s), Royal Horse Artillery
H Troop (Ramsay’s), Royal Horse Artillery
I Troop (Bull’s), Royal Horse Artillery
2nd Rocket (Whinyate’s) Troop
Netherlands Cavalry Division
Commanded by Lieutenant-General Baron de Collaert, this division offers a mix of troop types formed into a heavy brigade of Carabiniers as well as two light brigades of Light Dragoons and Hussars.
Netherlands Cavalry Division – Heavy Cavalry Brigade
Major General Jonkheer Tripp leads the heavy horse of the Netherlands.
Karabiners No. 1 (Dutch) with three squadrons.
Carabiniers No. 2 (Belgian) with three squadrons.
Karabiniers No. 3 (Dutch) with three squadrons.
Netherlands Cavalry Division – 1st Light Cavalry Brigade
Under the command of Major General Baron de Ghigny, this brigade suffered heavily from artillery fire during the battle but did not engage decisively.
Lichte Dragonders No. 4 (Dutch) with four squadrons.
Hussards No. 8 (Belgian) with three squadrons.
Netherlands Cavalry Division – 2nd Light Cavalry Brigade
Major General van Merlen led this brigade into the charge against d’Erlon’s infantry and, wisely, held the pursuit which allowed many of the more impulsive British heavy cavalry to seek shelter later.
Dragons Légers No. 5 (Belgians) with three squadrons.
Huzaren No. 6 (Dutch) with four squadrons.
Netherlands Cavalry Division – Divisional Artillery
Two half batteries with two gun sections each support the cavalry.
Cpt. A.A. Peters’ Company, Horse Artillery (Half-Battery)
Cpt. A.R.A. van Pittius’ Company, Horse Artillery (Half-Battery)
General Reserves and Wagon Train